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Afficient English is a computerized AI-based program that helps your child develop a strong foundation in Reading Comprehension, Writing, Language Acquisition Skills, and Vocabulary. They will perform self-paced, self-learning supported by teachers online or in learning centers. Afficient English helps students advance at their own pace, get into advanced programs in school, and get better grades in school. Afficient English currently offers US Common-Core aligned grade 2 and above grade level English.

Key Advantages of Afficient English

  • Receive instant feedback on assignments, no need to wait for worksheets to be graded manually
  • Take intelligent algorithms-based learning paths optimized to reach A/A+
  • Always know grade-level score and intelligently fill gap toward reaching grade-level goals
  • Receive customized weekly assignments
  • Get real-time updates on execution of weekly assignments
  • Receive supervision and monitoring by teachers
  • Provide real-time progress reports to parents
  • Aligned with Common-Core standards

How Afficient English Works

Free Diagnostic Test and/or Consultation

Afficient English Results

Data are compiled from 1,763 students who participated in Afficient Learning programs from 2019 to 2022 in US server. (Extracted 2/28/22)
It takes Afficient students a median number of three to four months to complete each grade level.

Course Catalog – Language Arts

Chapter 1: Using Evidence to Ask and Answer Questions
  • 1.1 Knowing the Different Types of Stories
  • 1.2 Asking Important Questions about Stories
  • 1.3 Finding the Answers to Important Questions in Stories
  • 1.4 Finding Evidence in Stories
  • 1.5 Answering Questions in Complete Sentences
  • 1.6 Giving Evidence in Complete Sentences
  • 1.7 Using Common, Proper, and Possessive Nouns
  • 1.8 Knowing How to Spell Digraphs
  • 1.9 Capitalizing Names and Dates
  • 1.10 Reading Words with Short Vowel Sounds
  • 1.11 Using Nonfiction Text Tools
  • 1.12 Asking Important Questions about Nonfiction Texts
  • 1.13 Answering Important Questions about Nonfiction Texts
  • 1.14 Giving Evidence for Important Questions about Nonfiction Texts
Chapter 2: Parts of a Story
  • 2.1 Knowing the Parts of a Story
  • 2.2 Finding Important Details in Stories
  • 2.3 Finding the Main Topic of a Nonfiction Text
  • 2.4 Finding the Topic of a Paragraph in a Nonfiction Text
  • 2.5 Use Collective Nouns
  • 2.6 Capitalize Holidays, Brands, and Places
  • 2.7 Know Long Vowel Patterns
  • 2.8 Choosing a Writing Topic
  • 2.9 Telling a Story from Beginning to End
  • 2.10 Showing Actions and Feelings in Writing
Chapter 3: Reading and Retelling
  • 3.1 Retelling Stories
  • 3.2 Finding the Plot of a Story
  • 3.3 Finding Important Details in Nonfiction Texts
  • 3.4 Using Different Kinds of Pictures in Nonfiction Texts
  • 3.5 Using Regular Singular and Plural Nouns
  • 3.6 Using Irregular Singular and Plural Nouns
  • 3.7 Use Punctuation Marks for Sentences
  • 3.8 Read Short and Long Vowel Sounds
  • 3.9 Showing Characters’ Thoughts in Writing
  • 3.10 Using Time Order Words in Stories
Chapter 4: Impact
  • 4.1 Figuring Out Characters in Stories
  • 4.2 Finding How Characters Affect Each Other
  • 4.3 Understanding Ideas About Science
  • 4.4 Finding Cause and Effect in Nonfiction
  • 4.5 Use Commas in Letters
  • 4.6 Use Prefixes
  • 4.7 Read New Vowel Sounds
  • 4.8 Knowing Who Your Story Is About
  • 4.9 Using Your Five Senses to Describe
Chapter 5: Sequencing and Order
  • 5.1 Finding Cause and Effect in Stories
  • 5.2 Finding the Order of Events in a Story
  • 5.3 Finding the Order of Events in a Nonfiction Text
  • 5.4 Using Pronouns
  • 5.5 Using Indefinite Pronouns
  • 5.6 Use Commas in Dates and Lists
  • 5.7 Including Important Facts in Teaching Articles
  • 5.8 Writing a Topic Sentence for a Teaching Article
Chapter 6: Definitions and Details
  • 6.1 Understanding Poetry
  • 6.2 Understanding a Process in Order
  • 6.3 Finding New Words
  • 6.4 Making Connections
  • 6.5 Use Reflexive Pronouns
  • 6.6 Figure Out Compound Words
  • 6.7 Use Contractions
  • 6.8 Including Definitions in Teaching Articles
  • 6.9 Writing Concluding Sentences for Teaching Articles
Chapter 7: Different forms of text
  • 7.1 Understanding Rhythm in Poetry
  • 7.2 Finding the Lesson of a Story
  • 7.3 Retelling Important Details from Nonfiction Texts
  • 7.4 Use Verb Tenses
  • 7.5 Use Suffixes
  • 7.6 Count Syllables in Words
  • 7.7 Make Subjects and Verbs Agree
  • 7.8 Understand Different Types of Writing
Chapter 8: Point-of-View and Purpose
  • 8.1 Finding Who is Telling the Story
  • 8.2 Finding Characters’ Opinions
  • 8.3 Finding the Author’s Purpose
  • 8.4 Use ABC Order to Find Words in a Dictionary
  • 8.5 Read Words with Ending Sounds
  • 8.6 Form Irregular Past Tense Verbs
  • 8.7 Choosing an Opinion for an Opinion Article
  • 8.8 Writing a Topic Sentence for an Opinion Article
Chapter 9: Using Opinion in a Story
  • 9.1 Find the Type of Problem in a Story
  • 9.2 Finding How the Character Changes
  • 9.3 Finding the Reasons the Author Uses to Support an Opinion
  • 9.4 Use Drawings to Understand the Story
  • 9.5 Understanding Adjectives
  • 9.6 Understanding Adjectives and Adverbs
  • 9.7 Use Unique Verbs and Adjectives
  • 9.8 Giving Reasons to Prove an Opinion
  • 9.9 Using Connecting Words in Opinion Articles
  • 9.10 Writing a Concluding Sentence for an Opinion Article
Chapter 10: Making Changes to Writing
  • 10.1 Using Text Tools at the Beginning and End of Nonfiction Texts
  • 10.2 Compare Two Nonfiction Texts
  • 10.3 Use Conjunctions
  • 10.4 Find Definitions Using Dictionaries and Glossaries
  • 10.5 Read Letters That Make More Than One Sound
  • 10.6 Revising Writing
  • 10.7 Editing Writing
Chapter 11: Comparing and Researching
  • 11.1 Comparing Two Similar Folktales
  • 11.2 Understanding Sentences
  • 11.3 Use Articles and Pointer Words
  • 11.4 Use Prepositions
  • 11.5 Using Different Types of Sentences
  • 11.6 Read Sight Words
  • 11.7 Asking Questions for a Research Article
  • 11.8 Finding Texts for a Research Article
Chapter 1: Using Evidence to Ask and Answer Questions
  • 1.1 Knowing the Different Types of Fiction
  • 1.2 Reading Between the Lines
  • 1.3 Finding Evidence in Fiction to Answer Questions
  • 1.4 Answering Questions by Explaining Evidence from Fiction
  • 1.5 Capitalizing Titles
  • 1.6 Using Prefixes to Find Meaning
  • 1.7 Explaining the Jobs of Different Parts of Speech
  • 1.8 Planning Writing
Chapter 2: Parts of a Text
  • 2.1 Knowing the Parts of a Story
  • 2.2 Finding the Plot of a Story/li>
  • 2.3 Finding Evidence in Nonfiction Texts to Answer Questions
  • 2.4 Answering Questions by Explaining Evidence from Nonfiction Texts
  • 2.5 Using Regular Plural Nouns
  • 2.6 Using Irregular Plural Nouns
  • 2.7 Writing a Catchy Lead for a Story
  • 2.8 Writing a Story with a Point of View
Chapter 3: Messages, Morals, and Main Ideas
  • 3.1 Retelling Stories
  • 3.2 Finding the Lesson or Moral of a Story/li>
  • 3.3 Using Nonfiction Text Features
  • 3.4 Finding the Main Topic and Main Idea of a Teaching Article
  • 3.5 Using Abstract Nouns
  • 3.6 Reading Latin Suffixes
  • 3.7 Using Dialogue and Thoughts to Show Instead of Tell
  • 3.8 Using Action and Description To Show Instead of Tell
Chapter 4: Plot and Characters
  • 4.1 Finding the Key Details in a Nonfiction Text
  • 4.2 Describing Characters and How They Impact a Story
  • 4.3 Finding Characters’ Perspectives
  • 4.4 Using Action, Linking, and Helping Verbs
  • 4.5 Using Irregular Verbs
  • 4.6 Reading Words with Two or More Syllables
  • 4.7 Showing Time Order
  • 4.8 Writing a Satisfying Ending
Chapter 5: All About Relationships
  • 5.1 Finding how Different Characters Impact Each Other in a Story
  • 5.2 Finding the Type of Conflict in a Story
  • 5.3 Finding how Characters Change
  • 5.4 Using Verb Tenses
  • 5.5 Adding Suffixes to Base Words
  • 5.6 Reading Sight Words with Two or More Syllables
  • 5.7 Including Facts and Examples in Teaching Articles
  • 5.8 Writing a Hook and a Topic Sentence for a Teaching Article
Chapter 6: All About Language
  • 6.1 Finding and Understanding Similes and Metaphors
  • 6.2 Finding and Understanding Personification and Hyperbole
  • 6.3. Using Context Clues
  • 6.4 Using Commas in Addresses
  • 6.5 Using Commas and Quotation Marks in Dialogue
  • 6.6 Using Spelling Patterns for Words
  • 6.7 Using Connecting Phrases for Teaching Articles
  • 6.8 Writing a Conclusion for a Teaching Article
Chapter 7: Parts in Poetry and Drama
  • 7.1 Understanding Poetry and Onomatopoeia
  • 7.2 Finding Parts of a Drama
  • 7.3 Finding How Teaching Articles Are Organized
  • 7.4 Using Key Details to Explain the Main Idea of a Teaching Article
  • 7.5 Using Suffixes to Find Meaning
  • 7.6 Using Roots to Find Meaning
  • 7.7 Using Possessives
  • 7.8 Using Homophones
Chapter 8: Different Types of Fiction
  • 8.1 Explaining the Differences Between Types of Fiction
  • 8.2 Explaining How Parts of Fiction Are Connected
  • 8.3 Finding the Author’s Purpose and Important Details in Nonfiction Texts
  • 8.4 Using Conjunctions
  • 8.5 Using Adjectives and Adverbs that Compare
  • 8.6 Giving Reasons to Prove Your Opinion
  • 8.7 Writing a Hook and Topic Sentence for an Opinion Article
Chapter 9: Images in Text
  • 9.1 Using Illustrations to Understand a Story
  • 9.2 Using Illustration to Understand Mood
  • 9.3 Understanding Image Tools in Nonfiction Texts
  • 9.4 Making Subjects and Verbs Agree in Sentences
  • 9.5 Making Nouns and Pronouns Agree in Sentences
  • 9.6 Using Connecting Phrases in Opinion Articles
  • 9.7 Writing a Conclusion for an Opinion Article
Chapter 10: Point of View and Perspective
  • 10.1 Finding the Point of View in a Story
  • 10.2 Comparing Your Own Perspective to Characters’ Perspectives in a Story
  • 10.3 Understanding Idioms
  • 10.4 Writing Simple, Compound, and Complex Sentences
  • 10.5 Using Specific Verbs and Adjectives
  • 10.6 Using Perspective in Fiction Writing
  • 10.7 Using Perspective in Nonfiction Writing
Chapter 11: Reasoning and Proving
  • 11.1 Finding an Opinion and the Reasons that Support it
  • 11.2 Developing Your Own Opinion about a Topic
  • 11.3 Using Search Tools to Find Information
  • 11.4 Using Dictionaries to Find Different Spellings and Meanings of Words
  • 11.5 Revising Writing
  • 11.6 Editing Writing
  • 11.7 Creating a Main Idea and Research Questions for a Research Article
  • 11.8 Finding Good Sources for Your Topic
Chapter 12: Making Comparisons
  • 12.1 Comparing Details from Two Stories
  • 12.2 Comparing the Lesson from Two Stories
  • 12.3 Comparing Key Details in Two Articles on the Same Topic
  • 12.4 Taking Notes for Research Articles
  • 12.5 Sorting Notes for a Research Article
  • 12.6 Using Notes to Write Paragraphs
  • 12.7 Writing a Topic and Concluding Sentence for Research Articles
Chapter 1: What is in a Story?
  • 1.1 Finding the Main Events in Fiction
  • 1.2 Finding the Plot Elements in Fiction
  • 1.3 Finding the Central Lessons in Fiction
  • 1.4 Summarizing a Story
  • 1.5 Using Proper Capitalization
  • 1.6 Planning Out Your Writing
  • 1.7 Writing Leads Using Dialogue in Stories
Chapter 2: How do we Think About a Story?
  • 2.1 Making Inferences in Fiction
  • 2.2 Choosing Evidence that Supports an Inference
  • 2.3 Explaining Evidence That Supports an Inference
  • 2.4 Understand the Setting of a Fantasy Story
  • 2.5 Writing a Fantasy Story with Fantastical Elements
  • 2.6 Exploding the Climax in Stories
  • 2.7 Using Subtle Time Transitions in Stories
Chapter 3: What do Writers do to Make Stories Interesting?
  • 3.1 Determining How a Story’s Setting Shows Mood
  • 3.2 Finding and Explaining How Flashbacks Are Used in Fiction
  • 3.3 Finding and Explaining How Foreshadowing Is Used in Fiction
  • 3.4 Using Context Clues to Determine the Meaning of Unknown Words
  • 3.5 Using Relative Adverbs
  • 3.6 Using Relative Pronouns
  • 3.7 Using Figurative Language in Stories
  • 3.8 Writing Satisfying Story Endings Using Dialogue
Chapter 4: How do we Make Sense of Nonfiction?
  • 4.1 Examining the Structure of Nonfiction Texts
  • 4.2 Using Inferences to Determine the Cause of Events
  • 4.3 Understanding Visual Information in Nonfiction Texts
  • 4.4 Ordering Adjectives
  • 4.5 Using the Progressive Form of a Verb
  • 4.6 Writing Reading Responses for Fiction Texts
  • 4.7 Writing Reading Responses for Nonfiction Texts
Chapter 5: How is a Nonfiction Text Put Together?
  • 5.1 Finding the Main Idea of Nonfiction Texts
  • 5.2 Finding the Key Details of Nonfiction Texts
  • 5.3 Summarizing Nonfiction Texts
  • 5.4 Using Prepositional Phrases
  • 5.5 Using Correct Punctuation in Quotations
  • 5.6 Writing an Introductory Paragraph for Teaching Articles
  • 5.7 Using Subheadings and Quotations from Texts in Teaching Articles
Chapter 6: How do we Think About Nonfiction Sources?
  • 6.1 Identifying Primary and Secondary Sources
  • 6.2 Comparing Primary and Secondary Sources
  • 6.3 Blending Information from Multiple Sources
  • 6.4 Identifying Different Kinds of Sentences
  • 6.5 Identifying Run-on Sentences and Sentence Fragments
  • 6.6 Using Connecting Phrases in Teaching Articles
  • 6.7 Using Subject-specific Vocabulary in Teaching Articles
  • 6.8 Writing a Concluding Paragraph for a Teaching Article
Chapter 7: How do Authors Persuade Readers?
  • 7.1 Explaining How Reasons Support Opinions in Opinion Articles
  • 7.2 Explaining How Evidence Supports Reasons in Opinion Articles
  • 7.3 Using Commas Before Coordinating Conjunctions
  • 7.4 Using Modal Verbs
  • 7.5 Using the “I” Before “E” Spelling Rule
  • 7.6 Giving Reasons and Quoted Evidence to Support an Opinion
  • 7.7 Writing a Hook and Topic Sentence for an Opinion Article
Chapter 8: What Makes Characters Interesting?
  • 8.1 Finding Patterns in Characters That Show Personality
  • 8.2 Finding Out-of-Character Behavior to Understand Plot and Characters
  • 8.3 Understanding Perspectives in Alternating Perspective Stories
  • 8.4 Finding and Understanding Point of View in Stories
  • 8.5 Using Homophones Correctly
  • 8.6 Using Frequently Confused Words Correctly
  • 8.7 Using Connecting Phrases in Opinion Articles
  • 8.8 Writing Concluding Sentences in Opinion Articles
Chapter 9: What are Some Different Types of Literature?
  • 9.1 Identifying Key Elements of Drama
  • 9.2 Identifying and Understanding Meter and Verse in Poetry
  • 9.3 Using Synonyms
  • 9.4 Using Antonyms
  • 9.5 Deciding on a Main Idea and Important Questions for Research
  • 9.6 Finding Good Website Sources for Research
Chapter 10: How Does the Conflict Drive the Story?
  • 10.1 Understanding How Conflicts in Stories Point to the Lesson
  • 10.2 Identifying Protagonists and Antagonists in Stories
  • 10.3 Understanding Symbolism
  • 10.4 Understanding Word Connotations
  • 10.5 Using a Thesaurus
  • 10.6 Taking Notes from Websites for Research Articles
  • 10.7 Sorting Research Notes into Subtopics
Chapter 11: What is the Point of this Story?
  • 11.1 Finding the Theme Based on Character Changes and Mistakes
  • 11.2 Finding the Theme Based on Symbols
  • 11.3 Finding the Theme Based on “AHA Moments”
  • 11.4 Comparing and Contrasting Themes in Myths
  • 11.5 Identifying Greek and Latin Affixes
  • 11.6 Writing Body Paragraphs for a Research Article
  • 11.7 Writing an Introduction and Conclusion for a Research Article
Chapter 12: Why are Words Important?
  • 12.1 Understanding the Meaning of Words that Refer to Mythological Characters
  • 12.2 Understanding Adages and Proverbs
  • 12.3 Identifying Greek and Latin Roots
  • 12.4 Revising Writing
  • 12.5 Editing Writing
  • 12.6 Writing a Correctly Formatted Bibliography
  • 12.7 Using Basic Tools in Microsoft Word and Google Docs
Chapter 1: Fiction
  • 1.1 Summarizing a Fiction Story
  • 1.2 Writing a Fiction Reading Response with a Given Question
  • 1.3 Writing a Fiction Reading Response with a Self-Created Question
  • 1.4 Explaining the Use of Conjunctions, Prepositions, and Interjections in Sentences
  • 1.5 Forming Regular and Irregular Past Participles
  • 1.6 Writing an Introduction for Teaching Articles Using a Quote or Statistics
Chapter 2: Nonfiction
  • 2.1 Summarizing a Nonfiction Text
  • 2.2 Writing a Nonfiction Reading Response with a Given Question
  • 2.3 Writing a Nonfiction Reading Response with a Self-Created Question
  • 2.4 Using the Perfect Form of Verbs
  • 2.5 Using Verb Tense to Convey Time, Sequence, State, and Conditionāˆš
  • 2.6 Creating a Well-Balanced Teaching Article
  • 2.7 Writing a Conclusion for Teaching Articles that Includes Quotations or Facts
Chapter 3: Perspective and Purpose
  • 3.1 Analyzing Author’s Choice of Words
  • 3.2 Analyzing the Author’s Purpose
  • 3.3 Analyzing the Author’s Perspective
  • 3.4 Finding and Changing Incorrect Verb Tense
  • 3.5 Finding Reasons and Evidence for Opinion Articles
  • 3.6 Writing an Introductory Paragraph for Opinion Articles
Chapter 4: Historical Fiction
  • 4.1 Identifying the Elements of Historical Fiction Texts
  • 4.2 Building Background Knowledge for Historical Fiction Texts
  • 4.3 Analyzing Historical Fiction Texts
  • 4.4 Identifying Biographies and Autobiographies
  • 4.5 Using Commas and Semicolons in a Series
  • 4.6 Explaining Evidence and Why It’s Important in Opinion Articles
  • 4.7 Writing Concluding Paragraphs for Opinion Articles
Chapter 5: Power Struggles and Social Issues
  • 5.1 Examining Power Struggles in Historical Texts
  • 5.2 Examining Power Struggles in Historical Fiction
  • 5.3 Analyzing Social Issues in Fiction
  • 5.4 Identifying Adverbs in Sentences
  • 5.5 Understanding Direct and Indirect Objects
  • 5.6 Including Historical Facts in a Historical Fiction Story
  • 5.7 Writing Leads Using Thoughts and Feelings
Chapter 6: Affect and Effect
  • 6.1 Analyzing How External Forces Affect Characters in Fiction
  • 6.2 Analyzing the Role of Minor Characters in Fiction
  • 6.3 Analyzing Why Authors Choose Specific Character Perspectives in Fiction
  • 6.4 Using a Comma to Separate Tags
  • 6.5 Using a Comma to Separate Introductory Words or Phrases
  • 6.6 Writing Leads Using a Flashback
  • 6.7 Including Symbolism in Fiction Stories
Chapter 7: Tools in Fiction
  • 7.1 Analyzing the Use of Symbolism in Fiction Texts
  • 7.2 Analyzing the Use of Foreshadowing in Fiction Texts
  • 7.3 Using Correlative Conjunctions
  • 7.4 unctuating Titles Correctly
  • 7.5 Finding and Understanding Point of View in Stories
  • 7.6 Writing a Circular Ending for Fiction Stories
  • 7.7 Including Foreshadowing in Fiction Stories
Chapter 8: Theme
  • 8.1 Tracking and Refining Themes Throughout a Text
  • 8.2 Analyzing How Character Choices and Actions Connect to the Theme
  • 8.3 Identifying Simple and Complete Subjects and Predicates
  • 8.4 Expanding, Combining, and Reducing Sentences
  • 8.5 Understanding Science Experiment Terms
  • 8.6 Finding a Topic and Completing Research for a Science Report
Chapter 9: Comparing Themes
  • 9.1 Connecting Social Issues to Theme in Fiction
  • 9.2 Analyzing How the Author’s Choices Reveal the Possible Themes in Fiction
  • 9.3 Comparing and Contrasting Common Themes in Different Fiction Texts
  • 9.4 Finding and Correcting Double Negatives
  • 9.5 Designing a Science Experiment
  • 9.6 Writing an Introduction to Your Science Report
Chapter 10: Images and Bias
  • 10.1 Examining How Chosen Visuals Reveal Bias
  • 10.2 Examining How Advertisements Are Used to Influence an Audience
  • 10.3 Examining How Videos Are Used to Influence an Audience
  • 10.4 Understanding Synonym and Antonym Analogies
  • 10.5 Understanding Pronunciation Keys in Dictionaries
  • 10.6 Writing the Purpose and Hypothesis for Your Science Report
  • 10.7 Writing the Materials List and Procedure for Your Science Report
Chapter 11: Analyzing Images
  • 11.1 Analyzing Visual Elements in Nonfiction Texts
  • 11.2 Analyzing Visual Elements in Fiction Texts
  • 11.3 Using Grade Appropriate Greek and Latin Roots
  • 11.4 Using Grade Appropriate Greek and Latin Affixes
  • 11.5 Presenting Your Data for Your Science Report
  • 11.6 Explaining Results and Writing a Conclusion for Your Science Report
Chapter 12: Structure and Language
  • 12.1 Analyzing Figurative Language in Fiction Texts
  • 12.2 Explaining How Scenes and Chapters in Fiction Texts Provide Structure for Events
  • 12.3 Understanding Homographs
  • 12.4 Revising Writing
  • 12.5 Editing Writing
  • 12.6 Writing a Correctly Formatted Bibliography
  • 12.7 Using Slideshows to Present Your Ideas
Chapter 1: Reading and Researching Nonfiction Texts
  • 1.1 Understanding Ancient History
  • 1.2 Determining the Central Idea in Nonfiction Texts and Research Topics
  • 1.3 Using Nonfiction Text Structures to Anticipate the Central Idea
  • 1.4 Asking Questions to Guide Research
  • 1.5 Taking Notes on Nonfiction Texts
  • 1.6 Outlining a Nonfiction Essay
  • 1.7 Selecting Quotations from Nonfiction Texts
Chapter 2: Writing Nonfiction Essays
  • 2.1 Introducing the Central Idea for a Nonfiction Essay
  • 2.2 Emphasizing Important Facts in the Body of a Nonfiction Essay
  • 2.3 Framing Evidence in a Nonfiction Essay
  • 2.4 Citing Sources in a Nonfiction Essay
  • 2.5 Including Text Features in a Nonfiction Essay
  • 2.6 Using Expert Vocabulary in a Nonfiction Essay to Maintain a Formal Style
  • 2.7 Writing a Conclusion for a Nonfiction Essay
Chapter 3: Revising and Editing Nonfiction Essays
  • 3.1 Using Revision Strategies for a Nonfiction Essay
  • 3.2 Revision Strategies: Refining Paragraph Structure in Nonfiction
  • 3.3 Editing Strategies: Making Sentences More Complex
  • 3.4 Editing Strategies: Finding and Correcting Sentence Fragments
  • 3.5 Editing Strategies: Editing through a Lens of Sentence Structure and Rhythm
  • 3.6 Editing Strategies: Checking Spelling
  • 3.7 Using Editing Strategies for Essays
Chapter 4: Revising and Editing Nonfiction Essays
  • 4.1 Analyzing Character Traits of Complex Characters
  • 4.2 Analyzing Characters’ Relationships with Other Characters
  • 4.3 Analyzing Changes, Conflicts, and External Forces to Determine Character Traits
  • 4.4 Analyzing Social Issues and Power in Fiction
  • 4.5 Determining the Overall Tone of Fiction Texts
  • 4.6 Differentiating Mood and Tone in Texts
  • 4.7 Using the Connotation of Words in Literary Analysis
Chapter 5: Writing Literary Analysis Essays
  • 5.1 Developing Your Analysis of Fiction Texts
  • 5.2 Structuring a Thesis and Reasons for a Literary Analysis Essay
  • 5.3 Finding Evidence for a Literary Analysis Essay
  • 5.4 Framing Evidence for a Literary Analysis Essay with a Summary
  • 5.5 Explaining Evidence for a Literary Analysis Essay
  • 5.6 Transitioning in a Literary Analysis Essay
Chapter 6: Revising and Editing Literary Analysis Essays
  • 6.1 Writing an Introduction for a Literary Analysis Essay
  • 6.2 Writing a Conclusion for a Literary Analysis Essay
  • 6.3 Using a Formal Style in a Literary Analysis Essay
  • 6.4 Using Revision Strategies for a Literary Analysis Essay
  • 6.5 Editing Strategy: Using the Correct Form of Pronouns
  • 6.6 Editing Strategy: Using the Correct Form of Intensive Pronouns
  • 6.7 Editing Strategy: Correcting Improper Shifts in Pronouns
Chapter 7: Comparing and Contrasting
  • 7.1 Analyzing Themes through Character Lessons
  • 7.2 Comparing Social Issues in Texts
  • 7.3 Comparing Themes in Texts of Different Genres or Formats
  • 7.4 Finding Evidence for a Compare and Contrast Essay
  • 7.5 Writing Comparing and Contrasting Essays
  • 7.6 Editing Strategy: Correcting Vague Pronouns
  • 7.7 Editing Strategies: Using Parentheses, Dashes, or Commas Properly
Chapter 8: Analyzing Nonfiction Texts
  • 8.1 Synthesizing Information from Multiple Texts
  • 8.2 Summarizing Nonfiction Texts
  • 8.3 Analyzing the Tone of Nonfiction Texts
  • 8.4 Analyzing the Author’s Perspective
  • 8.5 Evaluating the Evidence of a Nonfiction Source
  • 8.6 Using Greek and Latin Affixes and Roots
Chapter 9: Writing Opinion Essays
  • 9.1 Forming an Opinion for an Opinion Essay
  • 9.2 Structuring a Thesis for an Opinion Essay
  • 9.3 Finding Evidence for an Opinion Essay
  • 9.4 Framing Evidence for an Opinion Essay
  • 9.5 Writing an Introduction for an Opinion Essay
  • 9.6 Writing a Conclusion for an Opinion Essay
  • 9.7 Using Revision Strategies for an Opinion Essay
Chapter 10: Writing as a Reader
  • 10.1 Examining the Structure of Fiction and the Unfolding of the Plot as a Writer
  • 10.2 Reading Fiction Like a Writer
  • 10.3 Analyzing as a Writer How Authors Develop Themes
  • 10.4 Selecting Personal Narrative Topics
  • 10.5 Outlining a Personal Narrative Story
  • 10.6 Developing Character Personalities for a Personal Narrative Story
  • 10.7 Focusing the Narrator’s Point of View in a Personal Narrative Story
Chapter 11: Writing Personal Narratives
  • 11.1 Writing the Lead for a Personal Narrative Story
  • 11.2 Using Narrative Techniques to Direct the Reader’s Attention to the Central Idea of the Personal Narrative Story
  • 11.3 Building the Tension and Developing the Tone in a Personal Narrative Story
  • 11.4 Incorporating Figurative Language into a Personal Narrative Story
  • 11.5 Ending a Personal Narrative Story
  • 11.6 Revision Strategies: Refining Paragraph Structure in Fiction
  • 11.7 Using Revision Strategies for a Personal Narrative Story
Chapter 12: The Power of Words and Information
  • 12.1 Exploring Types of Poetry
  • 12.2 Exploring the Power of Poetry
  • 12.3 Writing Poetry
  • 12.4 Using Revision Strategies for Poetry
  • 12.5 Completing Cause/Effect, Part/Whole, and Item/Category Analogies
  • 12.6 Using Atlases, Encyclopedias, and Almanacs
  • 12.7 Navigating a Library
Chapter 1: Reading and Researching Nonfiction Texts
  • 1.1 Understanding the Medieval and Early Modern Age
  • 1.2 Using Nonfiction Text Structures to Determine Meaning
  • 1.3 Using Nonfiction Text Features to Determine Meaning
  • 1.4 Analyzing Connections Between Ideas, Individuals, and Events
  • 1.5 Using Note Taking Strategies to Capture Meaning
  • 1.6 Synthesizing and Summarizing Nonfiction Texts
Chapter 2: Analyzing Nonfiction Texts
  • 2.1 Determining Author’s Purpose
  • 2.2 Assessing Accuracy and Validity of Texts
  • 2.3 Using Context and Connotation to Determine Meaning and Tone
  • 2.4 Assessing Author’s Perspective and Tone in Texts
  • 2.5 Preparing Oral Reports
  • 2.6 Presenting Oral Reports
Chapter 3: Analyzing Historical Fiction
  • 3.1 Researching to Support Reading of Historical Fiction Texts
  • 3.2 Analyzing Setting in Historical Fiction Texts
  • 3.3 Analyzing Characters and Their Perspectives in Historical Fiction Texts
  • 3.4 Analyzing Tone in Historical Fiction Texts
  • 3.5 Analyzing How Various Literary Elements Affect Each Other
  • 3.6 Understanding Irony in Literature
  • 3.7 Understanding Paradox and Sarcasm in Literature
Chapter 4: Analyzing Themes in Literature
  • 4.1 Analyzing Symbolism to Determine Themes
  • 4.2 Analyzing Motifs to Determine Themes
  • 4.3 Analyzing Literary Elements Again after Reading to Refine Theme Statements
  • 4.4 Understanding Phrases
  • 4.5 Understanding Dependent and Independent Clauses
  • 4.6 Identifying the Important Parts of Sentences
Chapter 5: Outlining Literary Analysis Essays
  • 5.1 Formulating a Thesis for a Literary Analysis Essay
  • 5.2 Drafting Strong Arguments and Evidence for a Literary Analysis Essay
  • 5.3 Explaining Evidence for a Literary Analysis Essay
  • 5.4 Using Different Types of Sentences
  • 5.5 Identifying Misplaced and Dangling Modifiers
  • 5.6 Using Commas to Separate Coordinate Adjectives
Chapter 6: Writing Literary Analysis Essays
  • 6.1 Summarizing Plots in a Literary Analysis Essay
  • 6.2 Writing an Introduction for a Literary Analysis Essay
  • 6.3 Establishing a Formal Tone in a Literary Analysis Essay
  • 6.4 Writing a Conclusion for a Literary Analysis Essay
  • 6.5 Revising Literary Analysis Essays
  • 6.6 Editing Literary Analysis Essays
Chapter 7: Informational Articles in a Journalistic Style
  • 7.1 Recognizing the Difference Between Informational and Journalistic Writing
  • 7.2 Researching Current Events for Journalistic Articles
  • 7.3 Writing the Body of a Journalistic Article
  • 7.4 Establishing a Journalistic Tone in an Article
  • 7.5 Using Narrative Writing Techniques to Begin a Journalistic Article
  • 7.6 Completing Journalistic Articles with the Finishing Touches
Chapter 8: Comparing and Contrasting
  • 8.1 Analyzing Multimedia Versions of Fiction Texts
  • 8.2 Analyzing Multimedia Versions of Nonfiction Texts
  • 8.3 Comparing and Contrasting Multimedia and Text
  • 8.4 Comparing and Contrasting a historical event and a historical fiction story
  • 8.5 Outlining and Writing a Compare and Contrast Essay
Chapter 9: Planning Realistic Fiction Stories
  • 9.1 Developing the Central Idea of a Realistic Fiction Story
  • 9.2 Developing the Plotline in a Realistic Fiction Story
  • 9.3 Developing Characters in a Realistic Fiction Story
  • 9.4 Developing Setting in a Realistic Fiction Story
  • 9.5 Selecting the Point of View for a Realistic Fiction Story
  • 9.6 Using Greek and Latin Affixes and Roots
Chapter 10: Writing Realistic Fiction Stories
  • 10.1 Writing an Engaging Lead for a Realistic Fiction Story
  • 10.2 Revealing Characters in a Realistic Fiction Story
  • 10.3 Revealing the Setting in a Realistic Fiction Story
  • 10.4 Summarizing in Fiction Writing
  • 10.5 Writing a Satisfying Ending for a Realistic Fiction Story
  • 10.6 Manipulating Paragraph and Sentence Structure To Add Emphasis and Tension
Chapter 11: Revising Realistic Fiction Stories
  • 11.1 Revision Strategy: Incorporating Symbolism
  • 11.2 Revision Strategy: Determining What to Keep and What to Cut
  • 11.3 Revision Strategy: Trimming to Make Stories Better
  • 11.4 Revising Realistic Fiction Stories
  • 11.5 Identifying and Correcting Frequently Confused Words
  • 11.6 Editing Realistic Fiction Stories
Chapter 12: Genre Studies: Dramas
  • 12.1 Author Study: Shakespeare
  • 12.2 Analyzing the Structure of Dramas
  • 12.3 Analyzing Plot Development in Dramas
  • 12.4 Analyzing Character Types in Dramas
  • 12.5 Completing Analogies
  • 12.6 Safety and Privacy of Digital Information
Chapter 1: Researching a Historical Figure
  • 1.1 Understanding American History (Non-Fiction)
  • 1.2 Analyzing Connections in Nonfiction Texts (Non-Fiction)
  • 1.3 Analyzing Less Structured Nonfiction Texts (Non-Fiction)
  • 1.4 Analyzing Contradictory Texts (Non-Fiction)
  • 1.5 Distilling Several Central Ideas down to One (Non-Fiction)
  • 1.6 Synthesizing Information (Non-Fiction)
  • 1.7 Including In-text Citations or Footnotes (Language Skills)
Chapter 2: Structuring a Narrative Nonfiction
  • 2.1 Defining Narrative Nonfiction (Non-Fiction)
  • 2.2 Basing a Narrative Nonfiction around a Historical Figure (Non-Fiction)
  • 2.3 Establishing a Central Idea and Theme for a Narrative Nonfiction (Non-Fiction)
  • 2.4 Establishing the Conflict and Tension in a Narrative Nonfiction (Non-Fiction)
  • 2.5 Preparing Quotations for Texts Using Brackets and Ellipses (Language Skills)
  • 2.6 Using Block Quotes (Language Skills)
Chapter 3: Writing Narrative Nonfiction
  • 3.1 Using Narrative Writing Skills in a Narrative Nonfiction (Non-Fiction)
  • 3.2 Incorporating Facts into a Narrative Nonfiction (Non-Fiction)
  • 3.3 Determining the Author’s Voice in Nonfiction (Non-Fiction)
  • 3.4 Imitating an Author’s Voice in a Narrative Nonfiction (Non-Fiction)
  • 3.5 Identifying Verbals (Language Skills)
  • 3.6 Using the Active and Passive Voice (Language Skills)
Chapter 4: Reading Dystopian Novels
  • 4.1 Defining Dystopian Novels (Fiction)
  • 4.2 Analyzing Power in Dystopian Novels (Fiction)
  • 4.3 Imagining Settings in Dystopian Novels (Fiction)
  • 4.4 Analyzing Mood in Dystopian Novels (Fiction)
  • 4.5 Connecting the Setting of Dystopian Novels to Our Own World (Fiction)
  • 4.6 Understanding Analogies (Fiction)
  • 4.7 Understanding Allusions (Fiction)
Chapter 5: Analyzing Dystopian Novels
  • 5.1 Analyzing Character Development in Dystopian Novels (Fiction)
  • 5.2 Recognizing Archetypes in Dystopian Novels (Fiction)
  • 5.3 Analyzing the Character’s Perspective in Dystopian Novels (Fiction)
  • 5.4 Analyzing Character Traits vs. Reader Perception (Fiction)
  • 5.5 Analyzing Symbolism in Dystopian Novels (Fiction)
  • 5.6 Analyzing Themes in Dystopian Novels (Fiction)
Chapter 6: Writing Literary Analysis Essays
  • 6.1 Structuring a Thesis for a Literary Analysis Essay (Fiction)
  • 6.2 Drafting Arguments and Evidence for a Literary Analysis Essay (Fiction)
  • 6.3 Evaluating Evidence for a Literary Analysis Essay (Fiction)
  • 6.4 Considering Counterclaims for a Literary Analysis Essay (Fiction)
  • 6.5 Using the Indicative, Imperative, Interrogative, Conditional, and Subjunctive Mood (Language Skills)
  • 6.6 Correcting Inappropriate Shifts in Verb Voice and Mood (Language Skills)
Chapter 7: Revising Literary Analysis Essays
  • 7.1 Summarizing Fiction Texts in a Literary Analysis Essay (Fiction)
  • 7.2 Writing an Introduction and Conclusion for a Literary Analysis Essay (Fiction)
  • 7.3 Using Transitions and Creating a Tone in a LIterary Analysis Essay (Fiction)
  • 7.4 Revising a Literary Analysis Essay (Fiction)
  • 7.5 Use Verbs in Active and Passive Voice and in the Conditional and Subjunctive Mood to Achieve Particular Effects (Language Skills)
  • 7.6 Using Commas, Ellipses, and Dashes to Pause (Language Skills)
Chapter 8: Researching for Persuasive Letters
  • 8.1 Understanding Different Types of Persuasive Writing (Non-Fiction)
  • 8.2 Understanding and Analyzing Less Conventional Research Texts (Non-Fiction)
  • 8.3 Researching Like a Social Scientist (Non-Fiction)
  • 8.4 Determining the Accuracy and Validity of Texts (Non-Fiction)
  • 8.5 Recognizing Fake News (Non-Fiction)
  • 8.6 Avoiding Biased Internet Searches (Non-Fiction)
Chapter 9: Determining Bias in Texts
  • 9.1 Analyzing Author Bias in Texts (Non-Fiction)
  • 9.2 Analyzing Your Own Biases (Non-Fiction)
  • 9.3 Establishing a Thesis and Arguments for a Persuasive Letter (Non-Fiction)
  • 9.4 Finding and Evaluating Evidence for a Persuasive Letter (Non-Fiction)
  • 9.5 Using Semicolons to Link Independent Clauses (Language Skills)
  • 9.6 Using Colons to Introduce a List or Quotation (Language Skills)
Chapter 10: Writing Persuasive Letters
  • 10.1 Framing and Explaining Evidence for a Persuasive Letter (Non-Fiction)
  • 10.2 Considering the Counterclaims for a Persuasive Letter (Non-Fiction)
  • 10.3 Structuring the Body of a Persuasive Letter (Non-Fiction)
  • 10.4 Writing an Introduction and Conclusion for a Persuasive Letter (Non-Fiction)
  • 10.5 Revising a Persuasive Letter (Non-Fiction)
  • 10.6 Editing a Persuasive Letter (Language Skills)
Chapter 11: Analyzing Alternate Versions
  • 11.1 Evaluating Advantages and Disadvantages of Multimedia Texts (Fiction)
  • 11.2 Analyzing the Accuracy of Film Versions to their Text Counterparts (Fiction)
  • 11.3 Analyzing Modern Stories and their Traditional Counterparts (Fiction)
  • 11.4 Understanding Figures of Speech (Language Skills)
  • 11.5 Using Greek and Latin Affixes and Roots (Language Skills)
  • 11.6 Using Hyphens Correctly (Language Skills)
Chapter 12: Author’s Style in Literature
  • 12.1 Understanding Irony (Fiction)
  • 12.2 Understanding Satire (Fiction)
  • 12.3 Determining Author’s Style in Fiction Texts (Fiction)
  • 12.4 Determining the Narrative Style of a Fiction Text (Fiction)
  • 12.5 Developing Style as a Fiction Writer (Fiction)
  • 12.6 Identifying and Correcting Frequently Confused Words (Language Skills)
Chapter 1: Reading Ancient Myths and Epic Poetry
  • 1.1 Understanding Modern World History
  • 1.2 Exploring Greek and Roman Mythology
  • 1.3 Comparing Myths and Cultures
  • 1.4 Reading Epic Poetry
  • 1.5 Understanding Literary Devices of Epic Poetry
  • 1.6 Recognizing Influence of Ancient Philosophy on Modern Western Thought
  • 1.7 Using Parallel Structure
Chapter 2: Writing Epics
  • 2.1 Writing an Epic: Preparing and Organizing the Narrative
  • 2.2 Writing an Epic: Creating an Epic Plotline
  • 2.3 Writing an Epic: Varying the Detail and Pace to Build Tension
  • 2.4 Writing an Epic: Focusing on Narrative Techniques
  • 2.5 Writing an Epic: Creating a Reflective Conclusion
  • 2.6 Writing an Epic: Revising for Descriptive Language
  • 2.7 Editing an Epic
Chapter 3: Reading Ancient and Shakespearean Tragedies
  • 3.1 Understanding the Structure of Ancient Greek Dramas
  • 3.2 Analyzing Ancient Greek Tragedies
  • 3.3 Reviewing the Language and Structure of Shakespearean Tragedies
  • 3.4 Examining the Literary Elements of Shakespearean Tragedies
  • 3.5 Determining Themes in Shakespearean Tragedies
  • 3.6 Using Various Types of Phrases
Chapter 4: Unpacking Classic Poetry
  • 4.1 Recognizing Elements of Poetry That Determine Forms
  • 4.2 Understanding Traditional Forms of Poetry
  • 4.3 Analyzing Poetic Choices in Traditional Poetry
  • 4.4 Analyzing Literary Devices in Traditional Poetry
  • 4.5 Looking at Historical Contexts: Revolutions in England, France, and America
  • 4.6 Using Various Clauses
  • 4.7 Identifying and Correcting Frequently Confused Words
Chapter 5: Analyzing the Representation of Literature in Art
  • 5.1 Understanding Visual Art
  • 5.2 Analyzing Visual Art
  • 5.3 Comparing Multiple Artistic Mediums
  • 5.4 Writing a Comparative Essay: Analysis of Similarities and Differences
  • 5.5 Writing a Comparative Essay: Presenting Effective Evidence
  • 5.6 Making Subjects and Verbs Agree with Various Noun Types
Chapter 6: Analyzing Persuasive Rhetoric
  • 6.1 Inferring the Context of Political Speeches
  • 6.2 Understanding Rhetorical Appeals and Devices
  • 6.3 Understanding Logical Fallacies
  • 6.4 Analyzing Political Speeches
  • 6.5 Review of Comma, Semicolon, and Colon Usage
  • 6.6 Identifying Spelling Patterns that Indicate Parts of Speech or Meanings
Chapter 7: Writing an Ethical Dilemma Essay
  • 7.1 Structuring a Thesis and Claims for an Ethical Dilemma Essay
  • 7.2 Providing Evidence in an Ethical Dilemma Essay
  • 7.3 Explaining the Significance of Your Research in an Ethical Dilemma Essay
  • 7.4 Writing an Introduction and Conclusion for an Ethical Dilemma Essay
  • 7.5 Writing a Counterclaim and Rebuttal in an Ethical Dilemma Essay
  • 7.6 Using Different Forms of Citations According to Disciplines
Chapter 8: Exploring Social Issues in Fiction and Nonfiction
  • 8.1 Identifying the Plot Elements of a Short Story
  • 8.2 Analyzing Plot Elements of a Short Story
  • 8.3 Determining Themes in a Short Story
  • 8.4 Understanding How an Author Shapes his Opinion of a Social Issue
  • 8.5 Considering an Author’s Use of Evidence to Support a Perspective of a Social Issue
  • 8.6 Analyzing Multiple Perspectives of a Social Issue
Chapter 9: Determining Allusion and Theme
  • 9.1 Defining and Recognizing Allusion
  • 9.2 Analyzing Allusions as a Bridge to Meaning
  • 9.3 Understanding the Impact of WWI on Literature
  • 9.4 Analyzing the Impact of Allusion in Literature: WWI Poetry
  • 9.5 Analyzing the Impact of Allusion in Literature and Visual Art
  • 9.6 Consulting General and Specialized Reference Materials
Chapter 10: Unpacking Mysteries and Thrillers
  • 10.1 Identifying Elements of Mysteries and Thrillers
  • 10.2 Understanding the Art of Creating Suspense: Setting and Plot
  • 10.3 Understanding the Art of Creating Suspense: Characterization and Dialogue
  • 10.4 Determining the Meaning of an Unknown Word or Phrase
  • 10.5 Interpreting and Analyzing Hyperbole, Oxymorons, and Puns
  • 10.6 Interpreting and Analyzing Idioms, Sarcasm, and Euphemism
Chapter 11: Crafting Character Analysis Essays
  • 11.1 Constructing a Thesis for a Character Analysis Essay
  • 11.2 Writing Claims and an Outline for a Character Analysis Essay
  • 11.3 Providing Evidence in a Character Analysis Essay
  • 11.4 Writing with Clarity in a Character Analysis Essay
  • 11.5 Using Academic Diction and Maintaining Your Position in a Character Analysis Essay
  • 11.6 Introducing and Concluding a Character Analysis Essay
Chapter 12: Analyzing Dystopian and Post-Apocalyptic Literature
  • 12.1 Considering Historical Criticism: The Impact of Totalitarianism on Dystopian Literature
  • 12.2 Recognizing World Building in Dystopian and Post-Apocalyptic Literature
  • 12.3 Recognizing Dystopian Elements in Modern Fiction
  • 12.4 Analyzing Irony in Dystopian and Post-Apocalyptic Literature
  • 12.5 Analyzing Satire in Dystopian and Post-Apocalyptic Literature
  • 12.6 Analyzing Allegory in Dystopian and Post-Apocalyptic Literature
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